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空氣過濾器
制藥廠高效過濾器一般多久更換?

制藥廠高效過濾器一般多久更換?

關于高效過濾器的更換周期方面的問題,很多潔凈室用戶都很關心,畢竟高效過濾器決定著潔凈室的潔凈度能否達到標準,就在前方我們也整理過相關方面的問題:高效過濾器的更換標準,下面由恒之裕凈化小趙節選出ECA新聞部分相關說明供大家參考)


In the pharmaceutical industry, HEPA filters are used as terminal filters for the processing or filtration of air in production spaces. They are mandatory in sterile production, although they are sometimes also used in the manufacture of solid or semisolid dosage forms. Amongst the HEPA or high-efficiency particulate air filters are Filter Classes H13 to H14 (DIN 1822), the latter with a retention rate of 99.995%. But how often do they need to be changed?

在制藥行業,高效過濾器(HEPA)用于生產空間空氣的處理和過濾的終端過濾器。無菌生產要求強制使用高效過濾器,而固體和半固體劑型的生產有時也會使用。H13至H14(DIN1822)是高效過濾器的兩種,后者截留率為99.995%。但多久必須更換一次呢?


One can frequently find internal company guidelines according to which the filters should be changed annually, regardless of monitoring results. Is that sensible? An exact number, meaning the maximum duration of use for HEPA filters in months, cannot be found in the relevant GMP guidelines. According to GMP, the filter has to be free of leaks. This is verified by qualification and regularly performed leak tests as per ISO 14644-3, which are mandatory for sterile facilities. According to the technical 參考:(www.hzyfliter.com 恒之裕凈化)interpretation of the Annex 1 (PIC/S PI 032-2), leak tests are to be performed every six months in A/B zones and every twelve months in C/D zones. The FDA Aseptic Guide demands a regular inspection. The requirements of Annex 1 can be applied here as well. Leaks may be repaired; those repaired areas may only take up 0.5% of the filter surface per filter.

制藥廠高效過濾器一般多久更換?

我們經常看到在公司內部文件中,要求每年更換過濾器,而不管檢測結果如何。這是否合理?在相關的GMP指南中并沒有高效過濾器可以使用期限的具體數值。根據GMP的要求,過濾器不得有泄漏,這需要通過確認和定期執行ISO14644-3中的泄漏測試,無菌車間來說這是必須的。根據附錄1(PIC/S PI032-2)的技術詮釋,A/B級每6個月進行泄漏測試,C/D級則為12個月。FDA無菌指南要求進行定期檢查。附錄1的要求在這里也適用。泄漏是可以修補的,但修補的面積不能超過單個過濾器面積的0.5%。)
However, not only the integrity of the HEPA filter is relevant. The load of the filter (layer) and thus the pressure drop at the filter is also important. If the pressure drop at the filter rises, the energy demand of the ventilation system increases to maintain the necessary air change rates. This pressure drop at the filter can increase to the performance limits of the ventilation system. To protect the HEPA filters, preliminary filters are used - usually fine particulate air filters like F7 und F9 filters (EN779). Those have to be replaced regularly and protect the HEPA filters from clogging.

當然,高效過濾器并不只有完整性一件事情。過濾器(層)的負載以及上下游壓差也很重要。如果過濾器上下游壓差升高,則送排風系統的能量需求會增加,這樣才能維持必須的換氣次數。這樣的過濾器上下游壓差可能會增加通風系統的性能限制。為了保護高效過濾器,就要使用前端過濾器---通常是像F7和F9過濾器(EN779)這樣的精細過濾器。這些過濾器必須定期更換以保護高效過濾器避免堵塞。

From a practical viewpoint, one could say that the maximum duration of use depends directly on the pressure drop. Changing the filters only makes sense if the pressure drop gets too high for the performance of the ventilation system or if the cost of energy demand lies above the cost of a filter change. The filters do have to pass the leak tests (see above), of course. In practice, several companies do not use a filter for more than eight years. As mentioned before, though, this is not a legally binding value, but merely based on experience.

從實踐角度來看,我們可以說最長使用期限直接取決于上下游壓差。只有在上下游壓差達到一定數值影響到通風系統的性能,或者是能量需求超過過濾器更換成本時,過濾器更換才有意義。但是,過濾器必須能通過泄漏測試(如上所述)。事實上,很多公司并不會使用一個過濾器超過8年。正如前述,并沒有法規規定這樣的值,這都只是根據經驗得來的。

高效過濾器更換問題

咨詢內容:老師您好,小容量注射劑車間空調系統的高效過濾器必須定期更換嗎?如不定期更換,只在空調驗證時更換風量不合格房間高效和撿漏不合格高效可以嗎?

CFDA審核查驗中心回復:你好,更換高效過濾器根據空調驗證參考:時風量和撿漏是必須的,但同時也應制定出具體高效過濾器最長使用周期,故還是應該有定期的概念。同時必須定期進行過濾器完整性測試。

制藥廠高效過濾器一般多久更換?

潔凈區A級高效過濾器檢漏

咨詢內容:潔凈區A級高效過濾器檢漏是否可以使用 塵埃粒子計數器 掃描檢漏,如果可以,那么判斷無泄漏的標準是多少。

CFDA審核查驗中心回復:高效過濾器檢漏一般在非關鍵區域可以使用塵埃粒子計數器,但A級潔凈區高效過濾器不推薦使用塵埃粒子計數器掃描檢漏。

 


恒之裕凈化主要生產銷售產品有:


  初效空氣過濾器(板式過濾器、紙框過濾器、全金屬過濾器、空調尼龍過濾網、平板式過濾器、漆霧過濾器、初效袋式過濾器


  中效空氣過濾器(合成纖維袋式過濾器、無紡布袋式過濾器、中效箱式過濾器);


  高效空氣過濾器(無隔板過濾器、有隔板過濾器、V型組合式高效過濾器、耐高溫高效過濾器、高效送風口、FFU);


  活性炭過濾器(空氣凈化機用蜂窩狀活性炭濾網、袋式活性炭過濾器、板式活性炭過濾器、中效活性炭袋式過濾器、活性炭化學過濾器);

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